February 8, 2010
The board was populated successfully and most of the functional features of the board have turned out to be successful. I am yet to test one of the two voltage comparators available on the board.
The main features of the board include:
- PIC16F877A platform
- L293D module ( Can drive 2 geared DC motors or 1 stepper motor)
- ULN 2003A module for stepper motors
- Voltage comparator circuit for LDR based sensor module
- Voltage comparator circuit for IR LED – photodiode based sensor modules
- Analog Inputs
- Seven Segment Display * 4nos
- RS232 port
- LED outputs to test the comparators/voltage sensors
- 8 LEDs to test the outputs of the individual pins of the controller
- Plug and play option — Can test it with simple connecting wires across any pin of the microcontroller
- Power supply pins to power other add-on boards
Looking foward for your comments!
September 18, 2009
18 September 2009:
Well, Here is my first sensor that was rolled out for my Line following Robot ‘Cyborg’. It is a Light Detective Resistor (LDR) based circuit where the resistance of the LDR drops when light is incident on it. This results in an LED glowing at the output of the LM311 voltage comparator.
I got the circuit for this comparator from Circuits Today. At present, I am facing some problems with BC107 transistor which acts a switch at the out put of the comparator. I will either replace it or remove it from the picture at the earliest. To know how a voltage comparator works, click here.
I have plans of debugging the worn out transistor, adding up one more sensor for my Cyborg as well as trying this comparator for IR transmitter pair. Watch out for more updates!
19 September 2009:
I removed the transistor and I was able to learn that the transistor while acting as a switch, inverts the output of the comparator i.e., When the LDR resistance drops, the LED goes off and vice versa which is quite opposite to its earlier operation.
I have demonstrated the application of obstacle detection using a simple video. Here, the obstacle reflects the light from the white LED on the surface of the LDR causing a drop in resistance. This makes the output of the comparator turn high. Eventually the LED switches off!